The physical remains of a great industry in mining and smelting iron are evident at Creevelea to this day, less known is that ironworking in the district goes back much further, at least to the 1500’s .
“Nor was the nineteenth century the sole time at which the mine
treasures of Lough Allen district were unlocked. Sir Charles Coote is
recorded to have carried on iron mining and smelting both in the Arigna
valley and at Creevelea, County Leitrim, the most northern extremity of
the Connaught Coal Fields, in the beginning of the seventeenth century.
At the foundries attached ordnance were cast. Hence, anxious to hide
from the Irish the secrets of the process, he employed only English and
Dutch. Indeed, he is said to have engaged at one time in his different
iron works throughout Ireland as many as 2,500 or 2,600 of these
The reason assigned by Boate for this exclusion of the Irish is not the one just adduced, but because, according to him, the natives were then considered the most barbarous natives of the whole earth, and ” as having no skill in any of those things.” That country is to be pitied whose history is written by an enemy.
As the woods disappeared, the fires were put out
The Creevelea and Arigna ironworks were burnt down by the insurgents in 1641. They were ” broke down and quite demolished,” Boate says of them. They were re-started in
the eighteenth century, but fell through from quite another cause. Fuel to work them failed. ” In old times,” writes Kinahan, ” but more especially in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, there was extensive mining, smelting, and milling of iron, which lasted till the woods were exhausted, the fuel being wood-charcoal. As the woods disappeared, the fires were put out, the last extinguished being Drumshambo, Co. Leitrim, in 1765.”
An intriguing article indicates 17th century working of Iron in the area , included a cast iron coat of Arms of the O Rourkes dated 1688.
(From a Photograph by Dowries, Drumshambo.)
THE ARMS OF THE O’ROURKES : A METAL CASTING FROM
COUNTY LEITRIM SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY FOUNDRIES.
BY THE REV. JOSEPH MEEHAN, C.C.
[Read March 27, 1906.]
Exactly opposite Arigna, the northern terminus of the Cavan and
Leitrim Railway — a railway by the way which this year has been
absorbing a great deal of public attention in North Connaught — stands
a pretty one-storied cottage. The cottage is about a hundred yards from
the public road. On entering the door your attention is at once arrested by the object a photo of which is reproduced on this page. It is a metal casting of the arms of the O’Rourkes, the ancient chieftains of Breffni. The slab is built into the wall, and is quite flush with it.
It is of a large size: height, 1 foot 10 inches ; greatest breadth, 2 feet
5 inches. The side of the square, in whose centre the heraldic animals
in low relief figure, is 13 inches. The arms are plainly a lion (rampant)
and a cat. They recall rhyming or jingling lines about the armorial
ensigns of the Breffni chiefs that the Leitrim peasantry love to quote : —
” The rampant lion and the spotted cat,
The hand and dagger come next to that ;
Those royal emblems may well divine,
The O’Rourkes belonged to a royal line.”
On the slab there is no attempt at either hand or dagger. A probable
explanation of their omission will be submitted later on in this paper.
Other armorial bearings of this very ancient Keltic house or of later
branches of it may, however, be met with. They are two lions passant
on a speckled shield, the crest a crowned helmet, out of the centre of
the crown emerging a hand brandishing a dagger.
The raised Arabic figures across the face of the slab, 1688 deter-
mine, with fair certainty, the date of its being cast in Furnace Hill
*As to the O’Rourkes, at all events, from that day to this, it is considered very
unlucky for one of the name to kill or injure a cat. They may not
know of the coat-of-arms and its heraldic intricacies, but they recognize
the superstition, if such I may term it. And hence, though with
many the cat is a pet, in the humblest O’Rourke homes in Leitrim she
is a prime favourite, and enjoys perhaps as much respect and considera-
tion as did Juno’s geese, that, according to the Ionian legend, in ancient
days by their cackling saved the Capitol from the midnight Gauls.
A New Iron and Coal Field 1853
From London Mechanics’ Magazine, January, 1853. : “A detailed account of the discovery of an extensive coal-field, and of beds of iron-stone, in the county of Leitrim, Ireland, is given in the last number of the Belfast News Letter and appears to indicate a new era of commercial and manufacturing prosperitv for that country.
” It appears that about three miles from Drumkerin, six from Lough Allen, and nine miles south of Manorhamilton, there is a district called Crevelea, upon which operations were commenced last February by a Scotch company, for the purpose of making pig iron.
Their mineral take extends to the side of Lough Allen; but their present openings are immediately in the district just named. A gentleman of great experience as a civil engineer, and a member of the British Association, now resident in Belfast, has just visited the scene of these operations, and from a brief memoir which be has made of what he observed, the following extract has been taken.
“I found they had the coals cropping out in various places, consisting of
two beds, near each other, each from 2 to 3 feet in thickness. In proximity to these they have two strata of ironstone, the one in balls from the size of an orange to 18 inches in diameter, both most easily obtainable, and the former particularly of the best kind, being equal to any stone found in the three kingdoms, and both carbonates of iron, from which two tons of the calcined stone will make one ton of pig iron.
The coal is a brilliant black, of the utmost value as to its cooking powers, as well as equal to the best coals of South Wales for evaporating steam, and singularly free from sulphur, the indication of which is only 0*5 per cent. I found a good road made, and all the outlay necessary for a blast furnace. An engine of more than 100 horse power, and the furnace, being heated, has to be able to charge in a few days; also large quantities of ore calcined, and coals ready, so soon as the furnace was sufficiently dry to use. From the way in which the coal and ironstone are obtainable, they can be brought to the furnace at about 3s. per ton; and, looking at the quality and the arrangements altogether, I have no hesitation in saying, that they will make iron as cheap, if not cheaper, than in either Scotland or England, and the quality of their pig iron will be second to none, since, with similar materials, this result has ever been insured.
I expected a good deal from what I had heard before visiting the place, but it went beyond my expectations, and I returned satisfied that it only requires that district to be opened by railway communication in a very few years to make Leitrim the Staffordshire of Ireland. If such a field of mineral wealth were known to exist in any part of England which had no such means of access, I am quite sure a very short time would elapse before it would be at once developed, and its riches made available. I give this opinion as an engineer long acquainted with mineral properties in England, and having no interest, personally, in any property in Leitrim.”
The field of these operations is not very far distant from the Arigna Company’s works, which have been, unfortunately, discontinued... The value of the Arigna ore is indisputable.”
SEE Also http://dbo.ie/coal-mining/coal-mining-article-2